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2020 Summary of personal Epidemic prevention methods for COVID-19 at home

Posted time:2020-02-15

How to do personal protection

1. Wash hands frequently and practice good respiratory hygiene

Wash hands frequently: Wash hands with soap or hand sanitizer and running water, and wipe with disposable paper towels or a clean towel. Wash hands immediately after releasing respiratory secretions (e.g., after sneezing).

Practice good hygiene: Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or towel when coughing or sneezing, wash your hands after coughing or sneezing, and avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth with your hands.

2. Enhance physical fitness and immunity, and keep the environment clean and ventilated.

Strengthen the constitution and immunity, do more exercise. Open the window for ventilation at least 3 times a day for 20-30 minutes each time.

3. Minimize activities in crowded places and pay attention to your symptoms.

(1) Minimize activities in crowded places and avoid contact with respiratory infections.

(2) If you have symptoms such as fever, dry cough, fatigue, or dyspnea, you should stay at home and rest. If the fever persists or the symptoms worsen, you should seek medical attention as soon as possible. ,

4. Hand washing is very important to prevent COVID-19.

Proper hand washing is one of the most effective measures to prevent diarrhea and respiratory infections. The Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the World Health Organization and other authorities recommend full hand washing with soap and water (running water).

5. When you need to wash your hands.

After the delivery of the goods; After coughing or sneezing; Before, during and after food preparation; Before eating; Before and after going to the toilet; When hands are dirty; After touching others; After contact with animals; I came back from going out.

6. Wash your hands properly in seven steps:

(1). Palms facing each other, fingers together, rub each other;

(2). The palm of the hand along the back of the fingers rub each other, exchange;

(3) Palms facing each other, hands cross fingers knead each other;

(4). The right hand holds the left thumb to rotate and rub, exchange;

(5). Bend the fingers to make the joints rotate and knead in the other palm.

(6). Put the five fingertips together in the other palm and rotate and rub, exchange;

(7). If necessary, increase the wrist cleaning.

7. What if you can't wash your hands without clean water

Alcohol-based disinfecting products at certain concentrations can be used as an alternative to soap and running water hand washing.

2. How to choose a mask correctly

Disposable Medical masks (√) N95 Medical Protective masks (√) Cotton and sponge masks (×) are not recommended

(1) For home activities, outdoor open places, places with good ventilation and low density of people, you may not wear a mouth slip.

(2) Disposable medical masks can be used in hospitals (except fever clinics) or crowded places.

(3) It is not necessary to use N95 masks except in fever clinics in epidemic areas.

(4) Cotton masks and sponge masks are not recommended.

3. How to use medical masks:

First let's understand masks, whether it's disposable masks or other masks, there are both sides. For disposable masks, the dark color is the front side, the front side faces out. Inside the nose clip metal bar. Disposable masks are lighter on the back side and face inward, which means the lighter side is close to our face. Also, be careful that the end with the metal strip is the top of the mask, not upside down. After distinguishing the front, back, top and bottom of the mask, the correct way to wear the mask is not far away. Wash your hands, make sure the lighter side of the mask faces in (reverse), the end with the metal strip faces up (top), and hang the ends of the string over your ears.

An important step is to press the metal strips on both sides of the nose with both hands so that the top of the mask is snug against the bridge of the nose. Then stretch the mask downward to leave no wrinkles and better cover the nose and mouth. Well, you are done. After wearing the mask correctly, you are no longer afraid of the smog.

How to Protect Your Home (1)

1. How can you prevent COVID-19 at home

(1) Enhance health awareness, moderate exercise, ensure sleep, do not stay up late, can improve immunity.

(2) Keep good personal hygiene habits, cover your mouth and nose with tissue when coughing or sneezing, wash your hands thoroughly and do not touch your eyes, nose or mouth with dirty hands.

(3) The room should be ventilated and kept clean.

(4) Avoid close contact with people showing symptoms of respiratory disease (such as fever, coughing or sneezing, etc.) if possible.

(5) Try to avoid going to crowded and confined places, if necessary to wear a mask.

(6) Adhere to good dietary hygiene habits, eating meat and eggs should be cooked, cooked thoroughly.

(7) Pay close attention to fever, cough and other symptoms, such symptoms must be timely to the designated hospital for medical treatment.

2. What should we eat when COVID-19 is spreading

(1) Do not eat diseased animal products; To buy chilled poultry from regular channels, eat poultry meat, eggs and milk should be fully cooked.

(2) Separate cutting boards and knives for raw and cooked food. Wash your hands between handling raw and cooked food.

(3) Even in areas where outbreaks occur, meat is safe to eat when thoroughly cooked and properly handled during food preparation.

How to Protect Your Home (2)

1. How can you prevent COVID-19 by going to public places

(1) Keep indoor ventilation in the workplace; In crowded places, wear a mask to reduce the risk of exposure to the source of the disease.

(2) When coughing or sneezing, cover the mouth and nose completely with tissue or sleeve or elbow flexion; Throw used paper towels into a closed bin immediately; After coughing or sneezing, wash your hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.

(3) Wash your hands promptly after going out and returning home. If you have fever and other symptoms of respiratory tract infection, especially if the fever persists, go to the hospital in time.

(4) Avoid parties.

2. How to prevent COVID-19 infection when purchasing from fresh market.

(1) Wash hands with soap and water after handling animals and animal products.

(2) Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth with dirty hands.

(3) Do not touch sick animals and rotten meat.

(4) Do not contact stray animals, garbage, waste water in the market.

How to Protect Your Home (3)

1. How to use Disinfectant 84 and alcohol at home

(1) The virus cannot survive without the human body. It is of little significance to wipe the articles and the ground with disinfectants such as 84 disinfectant and alcohol.

(2) Alcohol and 84 disinfectant can not be mixed.

(3) Alcohol can be used to wipe doorknobs and other frequent contact parts, do not wipe heating and other high temperature appliances, do not spray in the air, especially do not spray in the kitchen.

2. Home isolation suggestions for people arriving in different places

(1) Live alone in one room, open more Windows for ventilation.

(2) Face to face communication with family members must wear a mask, and keep a minimum distance of 1 meter.

(3) Ensure that the shared area is well ventilated.

How to Adjust Psychologically (1)

1. How to improve psychological immunity

(1) Learn and actively abide by relevant policies and regulations, and contribute to the fight against the epidemic.

(2) Master the common sense of protection, protect yourself and your family.

(3) Regular life, enrich yourself, reasonable diet, weight control.

How to adjust psychologically (2)

1. How to deal with excessive anxiety caused by reading too much information about the epidemic every day

(1) Pay regular attention to press conferences and don't trust the grapevine.

(2) Try not to check your phone an hour before bed.

(3) Gradually restore the attention to the original media programs except the epidemic news.

2. How to pay attention to information "points" when the epidemic information is overwhelming

(1) For the information and nouns that are difficult to understand, please pay attention to the explanation of relevant professionals with a learning attitude. If you still have difficulty in understanding, it is not recommended to continue to pay attention.

(2) Try to pay attention to information related to self-protection or resumption of work and production.

3. How does psychological tension affect sleep

(1) Avoid staying up late and exercise appropriately to ensure physical and mental stability.

(2) Reduce anxiety through deep breathing and meditation training.

(3) Don't pay too much attention to epideia-related information before going to bed. Use hot water to wash your feet, massage Yongquan point, Daling point, Shenmen point and Anmian point to improve sleep.

How to adjust psychologically (3)

1. How to deal with anxiety and depression if the rhythm of daily life is disrupted by staying at home for a long time

(1) Take this opportunity to reflect on your life plan, pick up the pieces, and take the initiative to learn.

(2) Ask for help, adapt to nature, and make changes.

2. How to relieve psychological pressure when family members are diagnosed with COVID-19 and they are isolated at home

(1) Keep in touch with family members in the hospital and share their care.

(2) Call the psychological service hotline and seek professional help.

(3) Join the network platform of the local social worker organization to obtain the needed help information.

How to adjust psychologically (IV)

1. How to carry out psychological protection for children

(1) Keep calm and avoid passing on anxiety to children.

(2) Explain the changes in life in a language or way that children can understand.

(3) Health education and patriotic education for children.

(4) Do not let children see too much information about the epidemic.

2. How to help the elderly do a good job of psychological protection

(1) Relatives and caregivers of the elderly should introduce the spread and prevention of the epidemic to the elderly to avoid causing fear.

(2) Keep the usual routine to prevent sleeping for too long during the day.

(3) Outside activities may be limited, and other alternatives should be encouraged when accompanied by more activities at home.

How to Adjust psychologically (5)

How do close contacts adjust their mental state

(1) Maintain a positive and peaceful attitude and cooperate with home observation.

(2) Do not have excessive self-doubt or gossip, find physical discomfort, meet the medical standards recommended by the authority, take good protection and go to the hospital.

(3) Regular rest and sleep enough. Eat a balanced diet. Appropriate exercise, improve immunity.

(4) Communicate with family or friends over the phone or through the Internet to relieve tension and other negative emotions.

(5) Try to control the time of receiving relevant information every day, not hearsay.

COVID-19 Knowledge and Medical Procedures (I)

1. What is the novel coronavirus? 2. Who is vulnerable to the novel coronavirus

(1) The population is generally susceptible. Whether you will be infected depends on whether you have contact with a sick person or an asymptomatic infected person.

(2) The elderly and those with chronic underlying diseases may have faster disease progression and higher severity after infection, with poor prognosis.

COVID-19 Knowledge and Medical Procedures (II)

1. Who is vulnerable to the novel coronavirus

(1) The population is generally susceptible. Whether you will be infected depends on whether you have contact with a sick person or an asymptomatic infected person.

(2) The elderly and patients with chronic underlying diseases may have faster disease progression, higher severity and poor prognosis after infection.

2. How long the novel coronavirus can live on surfaces

The novel coronavirus can only survive inside biological cells, but not outside the body. People who touch doorknobs or mobile phones cannot be infected if they do not pick their noses or eyes.

COVID-19 Knowledge and Medical Procedures (III)

1. What are the transmission routes of the novel coronavirus

(1) Inhalation of respiratory droplets emitted by coughing or sneezing patients or carriers of the virus.

(2) Sputum, blood, vomit, body fluid and secretions of patients or virus carriers are contaminated in conjunctiva and nasal mucosa.

(3) Hands contaminated with sputum, blood, vomit, body fluid, secretions, etc. of patients or carriers of the virus, or touching articles or utensils contaminated with such liquids, and then directly touching the mouth, eyes, nose, etc.

2. What is droplet transmission

Droplet: Generally considered to be water-bearing particles with a diameter of > 5 microns.

Droplets can travel a certain distance (generally less than 1 m) to the susceptible mucosal surface.

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